IELTS Speaking Vocabulary- Food and Nutrition

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IELTS Speaking Vocabulary - Food & Nutrition.webp
The IELTS speaking section can be a challenging part of the test for many candidates. Showcasing a rich and varied vocabulary is essential for achieving a high band score. One common topic that often arises during the speaking exam is food and nutrition. Not only is this a universal topic, but it also allows candidates to demonstrate their command of descriptive language, idiomatic expressions, and specialized terms. This article aims to guide and enhance a student’s IELTS speaking vocabulary, specifically on the topic of food and nutrition. 

Understanding the Importance of Topic-Specific Vocabulary

The IELTS speaking test assesses a candidate's ability to communicate effectively in English. When the subject of food and nutrition arises, the examiners seek more than simplistic words like "good" or "bad" to describe taste or diet. They expect a range of vocabulary that accurately conveys their thoughts on different types of cuisine, dietary habits, and nutritional values. 

Key Vocabulary for Food and Nutrition

To speak confidently about food and nutrition, candidates should familiarize themselves with various terms. Here are some common English words and phrases that can help articulate the ideas more precisely: 

CuisinesGastronomy: the practice of cooking and eating good food
Gourmet: involving high-quality or exotic ingredients along with skilled preparation
Palate: a person's ability to taste and distinguish different flavors
Savory: having a spicy or salty taste
Fusion cuisine: the blending of culinary traditions from various cultures to create innovative dishes.
Cooking MethodsSauté: to fry quickly in a little hot fat 
Simmer: to cook gently in a liquid just at or below the boiling point
Broil: to cook by direct exposure to radiant heat
Marinate: to soak food in a sauce before cooking to make it more tender or flavorful
Poach: to cook by simmering in a small amount of liquid
Diet & NutritionBalanced diet: a diet consisting of a variety of different types of food and providing adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health
Metabolism: the chemical processes that occur within a living organism to maintain life
Organic: relating to or derived from living matter and free of chemical additives
Superfood: a nutrient-rich food considered especially beneficial for health and well-being
Veganism: a way of living which seeks to exclude, as far as is possible and practicable, all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose
Dishes & IngredientsAromatic Herbs: plants such as basil, oregano, and thyme, used to add flavor in cooking
Whole Grains: cereal grains that contain the germ, endosperm, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm 
Legumes: a class of vegetables that include beans, peas, and lentils, known for their nutrient content
Delicacy: an item of food or a dish that is particularly appreciated
Portion size: the amount of a particular food that is served to one person, especially in a restaurant or at a meal

Improving IELTS Speaking Vocabulary 

To enrich vocabulary for the IELTS speaking test, follow these strategies: 

Read ExtensivelyDive into books, articles, and IELTS speaking samples that revolve around food and nutrition. Pay attention to industry-specific terms and common idioms used in these contexts.
Use FlashcardsCreate flashcards with new words and phrases. On one side, write the term, and on the other side, write its definition and an example sentence. Regularly review these to cement them in memory.
Practice with a PartnerEngage in conversations about food and nutrition with a study partner or a native speaker. Discuss the favorite meals, ingredients, and nutritional aspects of different foods to improve the vocabulary in a practical setting. Getting proper coaching for IELTS is also a great way to improve the IELTS Band score.
Watch Cooking ShowsVisual and auditory exposure to language can immensely enhance retention. Watching cooking shows and food documentaries gives direct insight into culinary expressions and terminologies professionals use. 


Building a robust IELTS vocabulary in the context of food and nutrition is not an overnight task but a progressive journey. Consistency in learning and using new words, understanding their nuances, and practicing their usage in speaking are key to success. By incorporating the above tips to prepare for IELTS and expanding vocabulary around food and nutrition, student can confidently approach the IELTS speaking test.  Potential candidates seeking complete lists and further practice can explore various IELTS speaking vocabulary PDFs available online specifically geared towards food and nutrition, which complement academic learning and aid in comprehensive test preparation.

Also read:- Linking Words for IELTS Speaking - Word List & Tips


It shows fluency, descriptive skills, and knowledge of complex topics, boosting the band score.
Describe meals, discuss dietary habits, talk about cultural cuisine, or express opinions on healthy food trends.
Yes, focus on terms like "sauté," "simmer," "balanced diet," "veganism," "whole grains," and "superfoods."
Watch cooking shows, listen to food podcasts, participate in online food forums, or write food reviews.
Students wishing to leave a mark on the examiner’s mind can use idioms and expressions like "Food for thought," "a bitter pill to swallow," "cream of the crop," and "picky eater."

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