IELTS Essay Topics, Types and Questions

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  • By:CANAM Group
  • Updated On:May 29,2023 05:26 PM IST

The blog discusses the IELTS Essay topics that might appear in the exam. Then it talks about IELTS essay types and later on IELTS essay questions that appeared in 2022.

IELTS Essay Topics, Types and Questions

The IELTS essay topics for 2022 generally are about current world issues or concerns in society. Here, we will try to organize the latest IELTS essay topics and try to predict what might appear in the IELTS exam. The IELTS essays are these days focused on health, education, the internet, technology etc.


  • Should art be censored
  • Is art important in society
  • Is government funding good for artists
  • What can children nowadays learn from art


  • What are the pros and cons of e-books
  • Should children read story books in their leisure time
  • Should adults read stories to children

Also read : IELTS Exam type


  • How to support businesses at the local level
  • What are the pros and cons of family-run businesses
  • Why do people get in debt in business
  • Is uniform or dress code important in a firm
  • Should we buy local or foreign products


  • Is leadership inborn
  • Should schools teach individuality or conformity
  • Are people these days less respectful of elderly ones
  • Should people follow fashion trends
  • Why do we struggle with change
  • Are people becoming informal these days
  • What are the factors behind the success


  • How to stop ex-convicts from reoffending
  • How to reduce criminal activities in society
  • Is safety in society a personal or government responsibility
  • Online crime
  • Does the media encourage criminal activities
  • Various ways to reduce crime in society

Also read : IELTS Exam dates


  • What are the pros and cons of online classes
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of home-schooling
  • Overseas education
  • Education in urban and rural areas
  • Is it important to learn history in schools
  • Should education be free
  • Should good values be taught by teachers or parents


  • Protecting endangered species – cause/ problem/solution
  • What are the causes/problems/solutions of air/water pollution
  • Should individuals or gevernments protect the environment
  • How to tackle waste disposal
  • Is it important to spend time in nature
  • Should children keep pets

Also read : IELTS Test centers

IELTS Essay Types 2022

There are about five different types of IELTS writing task 2. Nobody can predict which type of IELTS essay will appear in the exam. Therefore, you need to prepare for all different types of IELTS writing task 2. You need to be flexible in your approach while preparing for the IELTS essays. The various types of IELTS essays are as follows:

  • Discussion-based Essays – Discuss both sides
  • Opinion-based Essays – Do you agree/disagree/partial agreement
  • Direct Essay Questions – Positive/Negative development/one, two or three questions
  • Advantage/Disadvantage Essays
  • Problem/Cause/Solution Essays

Also read : IELTS Exam fee

IELTS Essay Questions 2022

Many doctors recommend that older people exercise regularly, but most patients do not follow an exercise routine. Why do you think this happens? How can people be encouraged to exercise regularly?

1.Some people think that enjoying the present is more important than planning for the future for both countries and individuals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

2.Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change. Others, however, think that change is always good. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

3.Today family members eat fewer meals together. Why is this? Is this a positive or negative trend?

The governments should give each citizen a basic income so that they have enough money to live on, even if they are unemployed. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

4.Many people argue that in order to improve educational quality, high school students should be encouraged to question and offer criticisms on their teachers. Others think this will lead to a loss of respect and discipline in the classroom. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

5.In the 20th century, contact between many different parts of the world has developed apidly through air travel and telecommunications. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

6.Some believe that younger family members should be legally responsible for supporting older family members when they become physically, mentally and financially unable to look after themselves. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

7.In many countries, children are becoming overweight and unhealthy. Some people think that the government has the responsibility to solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

8.A rise in the standard of living in a country often only seems to benefit cities rather than rural areas. What problems can this cause? How might these problems be reduced?

9.Some believe that nuclear weapons benefit the world at large. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

10.Some people think that the government should strictly control the supply of fresh water, as it is a limited resource, while others it should not be regulated. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

11.Some people believe that engaging in an active pastime does more to develop childrens’ life skills than time spent reading. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

12.In some countries, there has been an increase in the number of advertisements which try to persuade children to buy snacks, toys, and other goods. Parents often claim that these ads are unfair. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

13.Some experts say for road safety cyclists should pass a test before being allowed on public roads. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

14.Many supermarkets are selling more and more products that are imported from other countries instead of selling food that is locally sourced. What are the reasons for this? Is this a positive or negative development?

15.Some people believe that violent media directly results in violent behavior. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

16.Today, many young people spend too much of their free time at shopping malls. This can be considered negative for young people and society generally. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

17.Today, TV channels broadcast men’s sports shows more than women’s sport shows. Why is this the case? Should TV channels give equal showtime for each?

18.Some people say patriotism causes problems and is negative overall. Others feel that it is beneficial for society at large. Do the advantages of patriotism outweigh its disadvantages?

19.Many people feel that media coverage has becoming increasingly biased today. Why is this? What can be done to fix this problem?

20.More and more young people from wealthy countries are spending time in communities in poorer countries doing unpaid work such as teaching or building houses. Why is this? Who benefits more from this, the communities or these young people?

21.Nowadays, an increasing number of people with health problems are using alternative medicines and treatments instead of visiting their normal doctor. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

22.There is more and more outrage and anger common in society today. Why is this? Is this a positive or a negative development?

23.Nowadays, distance-learning programs have gained in popularity, but some people argue that online courses can never be taken as good as those taken at a college or university in person. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

24.Today, many people use the internet and smartphones to transfer money to friends, family, and businesses. Is this a positive or negative development?

Also read : Registration for IELTS


A candidate can expect general topics which can be understood by everyone. There are quite less chances to find topics which require specific knowledge.
Yes, this type of essay is often seen in the test. So make sure all the parts are fully addressed to score good in task response, which accounts for 25% of the band score.
Being aware of current affairs, reading newspaper for different articles can be a great help. They can also help you to obtain good examples for supporting you ideas.
Always remember to state a clear position and sticking to it throughout the essay.
No doubt, both should be there, otherwise the test taker may score a lesser band score for not addressing the prompt carefully.

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