Different Types of IELTS Essays

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  • By:CANAM Group
  • Updated On:Jun 28,2023 04:03 PM IST

The blog provides the information regarding the different types of essays such as Argumentative (A), Hidden (H) and Situational (S) in IELTS writing. Moreover, different strategies and tips like linking words and task response are explained that will help the students to write an appropriate essay as well as the format is discussed effectively , so that learners can get desired band scores. 

Different Types of IELTS Essays.webp

There are three categories of essays namely, Argumentative (A), Hidden (H) and Situational (S). Topics “A” present an Argument and you need to explore pros and cons, reasons for and against, while you support only one side. Topics “H” present a Hidden Argument. These topics usually ask “To what extent…?” “In what way……?” “How has something charged……?” Topics “S” present a Situation and you need to explore reasons why it is, what it is, assume what will happen in the future and suggest solutions to problems if required. Choose Canamprep, that provide you best IELTS Coaching to score better.

Essay of (Argument)


1. The introduction paragraph must clearly state the argument, both sides of it. Do not simply copy the topic from the question, try to paraphrase it.

Don’t give your own opinion, save it for later.

2. Content (at least 2) must refer to each side of the argument. It is always better to write the first paragraph about the side you disagree with. The side you do agree with should be in the last body paragraph, because this way it naturally leads to the conclusion.

3. The conclusion paragraph should contain summary of the points you were making. Never mind if the paragraph turns out to be short, the important thing is that you kept the structure of the essay.

Essay of Hidden Argument


1. The introduction paragraph must define the question you need to reveal the hidden argument. Rewrite the topic, so it will say what it really means.

From  “to what extent something affects…...” to “Does something affect….?” From “in what way something contributes?” to does something contribute?” From “how does something influence………….?” To “does something influence…………?” Now it became an argument with two sides, and you write essay of kind “A”. 

Essay of Situation


1. The introduction paragraph must state that situation and explain it. Don’t give your own opinion here.

2. Content (at least 2) should describe reasons that lead to the situation, making it like it is now. Each paragraph should talk about one reason.

The conclusion paragraph should summarize the points of the essay. If the task requires suggesting solution to problems, recommendations, advice – this is the place for it. If your opinion is required you should also give it in the conclusion paragraph.

Also read: IELTS Exam dates

How to Write an Essay in the IELTS exam?

  • First Read and classify the question. You need to decide what kind of topic you have got an A, H, or S. It will affect the way you plan your essay.
  • Second Here you need to come up with ideas, thoughts and opinions in the given topic. The best way to do it is, to think of some main ideas and then to write everything you can think of regarding those ideas. Choose the good IELTS Institute like Canamprep, that provide you best coaching to score better.
  • Third Next, you group the ideas and decide which paragraph will describe which idea. Think how you move from one paragraph to another. There should be a connective logical sentence that drives you towards the next paragraphs topic.
  • Fourth It is time to write the answer. According to the plan you have made, start writing the essay. First sentence of the introduction gives main idea of the essay, either presenting sides of the argument or describing the situation. The last sentence of the introduction should naturally lead into the first paragraph of the content. Remember to keep the paragraph structure and to connect paragraphs so that one leads to another.
  • Fifth Revise your work! Check the ideas the sequencing of ideas, grammar, punctuation and spellings. Always proof read before the submission as it raises your band score. At  Canamprep, we guide the students how to develop ideas for essay writing. It is done through brainstorming and class discussion so that the candidates also come out with their passive vocabulary.

Also read: IELTS Exam fee

IELTS Essay writing is not as easy as it seems to be. A good essay writing requires good vocabulary, relevant points to the topic, innovation, a definite structure and clarity of thoughts.   Some golden rules will help you for IELTS Essay Writing that could be exceptional.

1.  Stick to the Topic

The primary rule of writing is to stick to the topic you are writing on. You have to add all the relevant information to the topic in your essay. Don’t make a mistake by adding additional information just to increase its length. Try to be as specific as you can. This will only make your essay relevant and reliable.

2.  Paragraph Structure

Make a paragraph by a paragraph plan that presents a developing argument to the topic. The structure helps you to organize your thoughts into a proper structure that includes an introduction, the body and the conclusion.  The information should be presented in a paragraph format; only then the essay looks relevant.

3.  Usage of Linking Words

Use linking words, to help the reader follow the development of the essay. It is always beneficial to use words that link your information to another paragraph making your paragraph more intriguing for the reader.  Your information should not be misleading to the reader.  This makes your essay more clear and avoid confusion in the mind of readers and will know that your argument is progressing towards the next stage. Some of the conventional connectors or linking words are Nevertheless, Furthermore, However, with this in mind, Consequently, In contrast.

4.  Introduction

In the opening or the introductory paragraph, immediately focus on the given topic. The sentences should be inter-connected; entwined in such a manner that it should define an idea of the topic. You should briefly explain the contents of the topic so that the reader has a clear idea about your argument.

5.  Concluding Paragraph

The concluding paragraph must return to the topic that was raised in the first part of the essay and draw a satisfactory conclusion. You should summarize the points that were raised in the introduction. The conclusion should define the purpose of your essay and draw the final statement to conclude your perspective in terms of evidence and resources.

At Canamprep, you will be given thorough guidance on IELTS writing with tips and tricks.

Also read: IELTS Test Centers


With the use of synonyms, changing the sentence order can help the candidate to rephrase effectively.
The essay type affects candidates’ writing styles and structuring of essay. 
Argumentative essays are the most intricate ones to write.
There are several vital elements of an essay namely, clear structure including an introduction, body paragraph and a  conclusion .
All the paragraphs that come between the introduction and conclusion are body paragraphs of an essay.

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