• IELTS

Degree of Comparison Rules: How to Use Degree of Comparison in IELTS

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  • By:CANAM Group
  • Updated On:Aug 05,2023 11:08 AM IST

The Degree of Comparison in IELTS can provide the leverage one might need to score high bands and get good scores. The degree of comparison enhances proficiency in grammar by comparing attributes of people, things, and actions. It consists of three levels: a positive, comparative, and superlative comparison. Read the article to learn more about the degree of contrast and how it is used in various situations.

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English Language is the most crucial part of every entrance exam in India and for students who wish to study abroad. It also plays a significant role in many High School syllabuses for competitive exams, including proficiency tests and IELTS. The Degree of Comparison in IELTS is comparatively easy to grasp, and if studied smartly, one can even use it to score high bands.

The Degree of Comparison in IELTS is an essential concept that allows one to express the quality or intensity of something. It helps to compare and contrast various entities in size, quantity, or quality. Understanding its rules and application is crucial to construct grammatically accurate sentences, especially for those pursuing the International English Language Testing System (IELTS). This article aims to provide the required information on rules with examples and practice questions to explain how to use the Degree of Comparison effectively.

Levels of Degree of Comparison in IELTS

There are three types of Degrees of comparison in IELTS:

• Positive degree of comparison
• Comparative degree of comparison
• Superlative degree of comparison

Let's dive deeper into these three levels of degree of comparison and how they are used in different situations.

Positive Degree of Comparison

When an adjective is in its original form, it is referred to as a positive degree of comparison. It only helps to understand the characteristics of a noun.

Examples:

• The sky is clear.
• The pen is light.
• It is cold here.
• Mango is sweet.

The Comparative Degree of Comparison

The comparative degree comes into play when two entities are being compared. Most of the time, the adjectives and adverbs follow the pattern by adding "-er" or the word "more" before the adjective and adverb. Here are a few examples of comparative degrees:

Positive: She is tall.
Comparative: She is taller than her sister.
Positive: He runs fast.
Comparative: He runs faster than his friend.

Irregular Comparative Form

Some adjectives and adverbs have an irregular comparative form and do not typically end with "-er" or more." Here are some examples:

Positive: good
Comparative: better
Positive: bad
Comparative: worse

Also read: IELTS Exam eligibility

The Superlative Degree of Comparison

It is used when three or more entities are being compared. In this case, the adjectives and adverbs often add "-est" or use "most" before the adjective or adverb. Here are some examples for better understanding:

Positive: She is intelligent.
Superlative: She is the most intelligent student in the class.
Positive: It rains heavily.
Superlative: It rains the heaviest in this region.

Irregularities and Exceptions in Superlative Forms

Similar to the comparative degree of comparison, some anomalies exist in adjectives and adverbs in excellent forms. For example:

Positive: good
Superlative: Best
Positive: bad
Superlative: worst
Positive: far
Superlative: farthest

Role of Adjectives and Adverbs in the Degree of Comparison

Adjectives and adverbs are used in the degree of contrast to modify nouns and verbs, respectively, or other adverbs. It is essential to note that some adjectives and adverbs have irregular forms, so use the proper forms based on the number of entities being compared. It is also important to carefully use the Degree of Comparison in IELTS.

Five Rules of the Degree of Comparison

Some rules and criteria for the degree of comparison are essential to remember. The rules are as follows:

• The degree of comparison is used to compare adjectives and adverbs.
• In a positive degree of comparison, the adjectives and adverbs are in their first form, allowing no comparison.
• According to the comparative degree of comparison, two nouns can only be compared if they have similar or lack the same features. The primary indicator will be the suffix "-er".
• After the comparative adjective, "then" is always used to indicate the relative degree of comparison.
• The superlative degree of comparison determines the strength and intensity of nouns.

Also read: IELTS exam registration

Degrees of Comparison: Exercise

• Jane is ________________ (tall) than her sister.
• This book is the ________________ (interesting) one I have ever read.
• John sings ________________ (well) than his friend.
• The weather is ________________ (hot) it has been all summer.
• She runs ________________ (fast) than her brother.
• The movie was ________________ (good) I've seen in a long time.
• This car is ________________ (expensive) than the one I saw yesterday.
• The test was the ________________ (easy) one we have had so far.
• The dog barks ________________ (loud) than any other dog in the neighbourhood.
• It rains ________________ (heavy) during the monsoon season.

Answers:

• Jane is taller than her sister.
• This book is the most interesting one I have ever read.
• John sings better than his friend.
• The weather is the hottest it has been all summer.
• She runs faster than her brother.
• The movie was the best I've seen in a long time.
• This car is more expensive than the one I saw yesterday.
• The test was the easiest one we have had so far.
• The dog barks louder than any other dog in the neighbourhood.
• It rains the heaviest during the monsoon season.
 

Conclusion


The Degree of Comparison in IELTS is an essential aspect of the English Language because it allows us to express the comparison or contrast between entities. Mastering these rules and using them appropriately can boost your scores exponentially, which is crucial for those who seek to excel in their IELTS exams. Understanding and utilising the practices of positive, comparative, and superlative degrees, along with their exceptions, can help to improve both writing and speaking tasks, which leads to more effective and impressive performance.

Also read: IELTS Exam pattern

FAQ

A degree of comparison is like a formula that categorises adjectives and adverbs into positive, comparative, and superlative forms, which helps to express intensity.
Most adjectives and adverbs add "-er" or use "more" before the word to form a comparative degree. However, some adjectives and adverbs can have exceptions to them.
The superlative degree is used when three or more entities are to be compared. It also helps to indicate the highest or lowest degree of the described quality.
To use a degree of comparison more effectively, one can practise variety or structure, understand the context, and use adjectives and adverbs correctly in their comparative and superlative forms.
Sometimes, certain adjectives and adverbs can have irregular comparative and superlative forms, such as "good" (better, best) and "far" (farther, farthest).

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