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Canada which is a confederation of ten provinces and three territories is the most preferred destination for international education aspirants. As per Canadian constitution, the provincial governments are exclusively responsible for all levels of education. Canada Education System stands amongst the top education performers across the globe.
Education in Canada at the post-secondary level
The Canada education at the post-secondary level can be acquired from universities, university colleges, Community colleges, Career Colleges and Technical institutes.
Universities: The universities in Canada are majorly publicly funded. Thus, the education offered here is undoubtedly of high quality across the rural and urban set ups. Also these universities are internationally recognized for the high standards of teaching and research.
University Colleges: Under this setting the students will find an arrangement of Canadian university and college ethnicities with a great emphasis of applied and study programs available in campus environments. Here students will find a wide choice of programs in addition to practically-oriented college diplomas and certificates.
These colleges are mainly responsible for training needs of business, industry and the public service industries. Such colleges fulfill the academic requisites of vocationally-oriented graduates, job-seeking graduates, along with lifelong learning needs of the professionals.
Career Colleges and Technical Institutes
These are independently or privately run institutions offering training programs to train students with practical skills to make them job ready. Provincially approved and regulated these colleges and institutes ensure quality. Students looking forward to take up short-term training programs in computer or internet studies, film studies, multimedia, graphic design and hospitality and so on can explore these career colleges.
Levels of Education
Canada Education System offers education at various levels. These may include: Certificate, Diploma, Bachelor’s degree, Bachelor’s degree (Honours), Masters, Doctorate or Ph.d, and the Academic Year.
Certificate: Post Senior Secondary education majorly for one year offered specifically in colleges.
Diploma: Post senior secondary qualification usually for one to two years usually offered in colleges.
Bachelor degree: Undergraduate program or post senior secondary qualification spanning for three to four years offered by the universities and lead to graduate level studies.
Bachelor degree (Honors): Undergraduate program comprising higher degree of concentration in the honors subject, and is offered at universities. At certain universities an honors degree requires an extra year of study.
Master’s degree: Graduate program granted on successful completion of two years of study.
Doctorate or Ph.D.: Highest qualification awarded on completion of four to seven years of study in a particular stream or specialization. It also comprises some coursework, but mainly evaluated on unique research and thesis submitted.
The academic year: It usually begins in September and completes in May. Academic year normally comprises of two semesters and the second semester begins in January. There are institutes that have a trimester system comprising three semesters in an academic year.